The Agenda 2030 for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) was established based on the eight millennium goals in 2015 by the UN as the new roadmap for global cooperation on development. The SDGs offer a universal agenda that is relevant for all countries and that recognizes the intricate relationship between the economic, social, environmental and political dimensions of development. Agenda 2030 is meant to be adapted to specific contexts and priorities, which vary from country to country and can change over time. Looking at the impact on the goals being created in 2015 is a good time for Africa. Africa is undergoing a rapid socio-economic change and increasing environmental risk from climate change. But if the SDGs are here to make change in Africa its important that they offer solutions to the persistent problems of sustaining economic and social programs. Africa is a continent that has seen changes over the past fifteen years where the economics has changed. The youth are woke in this continent and leaders have left their positions. Ethiopia has now cabinet where 50% are females, Rwanda’s president has implemented a lot of infrastructure and other changes. The economic changes in the continent has given little progress on reducing poverty even do people have more money to spend. With crises like Ebola in 2014-2016 that had a negative effect on some countries, and Africa has the fastest growing population in the world. Most of its population is young with a median age of 19.5.
What the youth of Africa is in need of is a visionary leadership, regional collaboration, smart planning so that they can take over this continent as the new generation. Political stability in some of the countries like Somalia is important but is still being processed where we can’t implement anything until its stabile. Africa is in need of equal rights, human rights implementation, responsive institutions that are focused on achieving prosperity that is sustainable and inclusive. The leaders and institutions need to be accountable for their actions the citizens are asking for transparency and accountability from their governments and political leaders. The use of technology is also increasing where everyone is on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter sharing their ideas of what type of changes they want.
What is the Africa’s Agenda 2063?
Africa 2063 is a framework format of the purpose of guiding Africa’s development the next fifty years. Which was developed at the African Union Summit in May 2013. The agenda is built on existing African frameworks, programs and declarations, consultations with a broad spectrum of African stakeholders at the grassroots level, synthesis of 35 national and Regional Economic Communities (RECs) strategic and action plans, situational analysis and study of global mega trends. It was adopted by the African Union Summit in January 2015. Agenda 2063 is a concrete and implementable framework with a clear vision, 7 aspirations, 20 goals, 39 priority areas, there are also 174 targets and 200 indicators. Agenda 2063 is divided into 10-year implementation periods. The first 10-year implementation plan covers the period 2013-2023. The agenda focus areas are AU´s pan-African riven where African cultural identity, common heritage, values and ethics are in focus. Also with focus on security including common defense, foreign and security polity for the continent. The agenda is the SDG´s but changed to fit the African context and also to tackle the challenges the continent are facing that are different from other continents like Europe that is developed. If we look at the agenda most of the Projects focus on transport and ICT infrastructure and economic growth, indicating a drive for accelerated growth and economic structural transformation.
The sustainable development goals and millennium development goals are what the agenda 2063 is based on. For example SDG 2 has 8 targets and 14 indicators and is aligned with the following goals contained in Agenda 2063: Goal 1 (a high standard of living, quality of life and well-being); Goal 3 (healthy and well-nourished citizens); goal 4 (transformed economies and job creation); Goal 5 (modern agriculture for increased productivity and production) and Goal 7 (environmentally sustainable climate-resilient economies and communities) and SDG 16 also aligned with the following goals contained Agenda 2063: Goal 11 (democratic, values, practices, universal principles of human rights and the rule of law entrenched); Goal 12 (capable institutions and transformative leadership in place); Goal 13 (peace security and stability is preserved) and Goal 14 (a stable and peaceful Africa) there is therefore a high degree of convergence between both Agendas.
In 2016, the Conference of African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development encouraged pan African institutions to adopt a coherent strategy for the effective and coordinated implementation of Agenda 2063 and the 2030 Agenda. The ministers agreed to a single monitoring and evaluation framework, accommodating both Agendas, and a common reporting architecture that will produce a single periodic performance report. They also acknowledged that the implementation of, reporting on and follow-up to both Agendas require a coherent strategy and an integrated set of goals, targets and indicators, along with a harmonized review and reporting platform.
Africa wants to be apart of the change in the world and also be a part of the political decision being made on their behalf. Africa’s was colonized for years by different European countries, and a lot of countries experiences civil wars after their independence. We have had countries like Kenya that have change over the past couple of years, Ethiopia has change to and are still in the progress of changing. Eritrea finally opened their boarders and are in talking with other countries. The Sustainable Development Goals where created for the world to work together on the 17 goals so we all can take part of the change going on. For Africa to take part in the change that the rest of the world is implementing they need to change within first therefor I believe the agenda 2063 is a beginning of the new Africa where youth can stay there and the passport can finally give you opportunities to travel and feel free. The world is more global today and we are all connected though values and social media. The goals where made as a platform for the countries in change and create a better legacy to leave behind for the next generation. We need to end poverty and to do so we need to start changing and creating systems, governments that actually work for the people. In Europe the institutions are very strong and if Africa can implement the same institutions based on accountability, trust and responsibility with freedom to vote and no corruption. Where will Africa be in 2063 then?
Why Sustainable Development Goals will unlock progress towards Africa’s Agenda 2063?
The reason why sustainable development goals will unlock progress towards Africa’s agenda 2063 is because we want to have something to show for when the next meeting is. Africa wants to be a part of the change and competition going on political in the world. Every leader wants to come back to the table with a voice for their country, and also proudly show their results over the past fifteen years. The millennium goals where eight goals we where not ready for to implement because we were still in wars running and scared of using our voices. But now that the stepping stone to create our own agenda has been the SDG goals its time to use them. By the rest of the world signing onto the SDG goals this opens up doors and unlocks potential in African leaders to wanting to change their country. With Africa’s population predominately being youth that are not scared of using their voices, opening NGOs and implementing technology companies. They are the change this continent need and the new generation are unlocking their potential to be the change they want to see by being creative. We have more cultural events in the continent, we have summits where we talk about the issues we have and how to change them. The new generation is traveling to important places like New York to share stories from Africa and afro-beats music is being played everywhere so African artist can share their music on Spotify and create living for themselves. The SDGs are like mentioned the stepping stone for the Agenda 2063, also the fact that the world is more global, and youth are more connected. The continent is waking up and talking to leaders about how they need to more responsible and they change the goals to fit the African context which will help them. With the MDG´s they just took them as they were and tried to implement them in the society. This time the change is that the Agenda 2063 is created with the background of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, but the implementation is different and more fitting with the context. With focus on African heritage, culture and the Africa values which is important for our pan-Africanism and how we can create a better connection though the continent.